The disease Diabetes is a chronic one and it possesses many complications. Diabetes does have short-term and long-term complications. Due to this disease, the co-existing disease is always a threat. Type 1 and Type 2 perhaps bear the same complications, but Type 2 shows the symptoms of the complications and it can be the first sign of Diabetes.
To explain short-term and long-term complications of Diabetes, we had better define the type 1 and type 2 diabetes first.
Type 1 diabetes is a completely different disease than Type 2. In Pancreas, the insulin-producing beta cells may be causes of Type 1 autoimmune disease. Scientists believe, perhaps it is a virus that can trigger the system and attack the cells. As a result, the cells are destroyed permanently. Pancreas loses its capacity to produce insulin that requires transferring sugar from blood to other cells to keep the body energetic. It observes the sugar forms in blood and in duration, and it can damage the internal organs and blood vessels.
Type 2 diabetes attacks older people, but recent data reveals that teens and children are on diagnosing. The result of Type 2 envisages that body becomes the resistant to the insulin and blood glucose level is not at the normal level. Therefore, type 2 is formerly known as non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM or adult-onset diabetes.
The short-term complications of diabetes can be
Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)
Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Nonketotic Coma (HHNKC), and
When to go to the ER - Diabetic Emergencies
Hypoglycemia is a situation of low blood sugar. It happens due to lowering blood sugar level. It is observed and appeared in type 1 diabetes, besides it is also evident in type 2 diabetes. The reasons are excessive powerful medication, and exercises relating to low sugar in blood and cells do not produce enough glucose for energy consumption.
When excessive glucose circulates in blood in a condition, hyperglycemia occurs. As a result, in type 1, body does not produce any insulin and in type 2, the produced insulin is ineffective.
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a disease that causes excess glucose to build up in the blood.
Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Nonketotic Coma (HHNKC) is an extremely serious complication of type 2 diabetes. People who do not depend on insulin suffer from HHNKC. The blood glucose level crosses over 600mg/dl. Diabetes patients can come to a coma or heart failure.
However, the long-term complications result damages and these occur over a long-term period. The common long-term complications are
Retinopathy and Diabetes
The complications of Neuropathy include nerve damage, especially in extremities. Nephropathy causes kidney damage and kidney failure. Retinopathy creates vision problems and blindness. Cardiovascular disease forms heart disease and increases the risk of strokes. The other complications are erectile dysfunction in men and decreased desire in men and women, depression and amputation. Retinopathy is a complication of both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.