Diabetic eye diseases are Diabetic Retinopathy, Cataract and Glaucoma. Retinopathy causes blood vessels damage in the retina. Cataract creates cloud over the lens of eyes, and Glaucoma develops fluid pressure inside the eye leading to optic nerve damage and vision loss.
Diabetic Retinopathy is a common diabetic eye disease. Data reveals Diabetic Retinopathy causes the blindness of American Adults. This disease changes the blood vessels in the retina. Some people suffer from swelling and leaking fluid of blood vessels and others suffer from abnormally grown new blood vessels on the surface of the retina, and it usually affects the both eyes.
Symptoms of Retinopathy can be reading with difficulty, blurred vision, suddenly vision lost of one eye, appearing or seeing rings in or around lights as well as flashlights or dark spots. It is observed that at high blood pressure diabetic retinopathy aggravates. Data also suggests that at the early stages, diabetic retinopathy does not create any symptoms.
Macula is the sharp edge of central vision at retina. If Macula starts swelling from leaking fluid, blurred vision perhaps occurs. This stage is called as Macular Edema. Therefore, if new blood vessels grow on the surface of the retina, bleeding can create in the eyes and this development blocks vision. Floaters can be another sign of diabetic retinopathy. Reading with difficulty and doing close work can be the indicators of fluid collection in Macula, and it belongs to Macular Edema. Double vision occurs when the nerve controlling eye muscles are affected.
Proliferative Retinopathy can cause vision loss or even blindness. If you find any specks of blood or spots, or the Hemorrhages are perhaps happening once more during sleep, see an eye professional earliest.
The illuminated dye using in taking photographs of the retina can help evaluate the pictures and can help doctors assess the progression of the disease.
The treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy is based on early medication. American Academy of Ophthalmology discloses the fact that 95% patients with Diabetic Retinopathy can avoid substantial vision loss, if they go for treatment in time. Yearly dilated eye exam is a good step to detect the diabetic retinopathy. Laser Photocoagulation treats the diabetic retinopathy. It seals off the leaking blood vessels and destroys the new growth. Since retina does not contain nerve endings, Laser Photocoagulation does not cause pain. The blood leaks in the vitreous humor and creates cloud over vision. Doctors usually wait and see that the cloud starts dissolving naturally, and this process is known as the "watchful waiting". Vitrectomy is a process by which blood can be removed, as it leaks into the vitreous humor. The body gradually replaces lost vitreous humor and vision improves.
When diabetic retinopathy develops Cataract in your body, surgical treatment can cure it. Glaucoma patients can see a glaucoma specialist.
Lucentis and Avastin are two treatments can perhaps stop or reverse vision loss.
Intraocular Steroid Injection is for Macular Edema and Cryotherapy (freezing) is helpful for retinopathy.