Gestational diabetes, also known as GDM, or diabetes during pregnancy, is a kind of diabetes that only pregnant women acquire. If a woman gets diabetes when she is expecting but never had it before, then she has gestational diabetes.
Usually, your stomach and intestines absorb the carbohydrate in your food into a sugar called glucose. Glucose is your body's major source of energy. After absorption, the glucose moves into your blood to provide your body energy.
To get the glucose exposed to your blood and into the cells of your body, your pancreas makes a hormone known as insulin. If you have diabetes, either your body doesn't build enough insulin, or your cells can't utilize it the way they should. Instead, the glucose build up in your blood, causing diabetes, or high blood sugar.
Gestational diabetes happens in concerning 5 percent of all pregnancies, or about 200,000 cases a year in the United States.
How to know if you have gestational diabetes?
Health care providers will investigate most women who have middling danger for gestational diabetes when they are between 24-28 weeks pregnant.
If your peril is higher-than-average, your health care source may test you earlier, maybe as soon as you know you are pregnant.
There are two approaches to Checking for gestational diabetes-
1. In the First-step approach, a woman will fast for 4 to 8 hours. Then a health care source will assess her blood sugar and will do it again 2 hours after she drinks a sugar sip. This category of test is called an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT).
2. In the second-step approach, a health care source measures a woman's blood sugar 1 hour following drinking a sugar sip Women whose blood sugar is usual after 1 hour perhaps don't have gestational diabetes. Women whose blood sugar is high after 1 hour will in that case have an oral glucose tolerance test to see if they have gestational diabetes.
Would gestational diabetes affect the baby?
Nearly all women who have gestational diabetes give birth to strong babies, particularly when they manage their blood sugar, eat a well diet, exercise, and keep a fit weight.
In a few cases, though, gestational diabetes can influence the pregnancy and baby. Some prospective risks include -
1. The baby's body is larger than standard called macrosomia. A huge baby may need to be delivered by a surgical process called cesarean section, instead of as expected through the vagina.
2. The baby's blood sugar is too stumpy called hypoglycemia. Preliminary to breastfeed right away can help get additional glucose to the baby. The baby may also require getting glucose through a tube into his or her blood.
3. The baby's membrane turns yellowish and the whites of the eyes may vary color called jaundice. This state is easily treated and is not serious if treated.
4. The baby may have difficulty in breathing and need oxygen or other help - called Respiratory Distress Syndrome.
5. The baby may contain low mineral levels in the blood. This difficulty can cause muscle twitching or cramping, but can be treated by giving the baby additional minerals.
What will take place once the baby is born?
For a good number of women, blood sugar levels go reverse to normal rapidly after the baby is born. Six weeks following the baby is born; you ought to have a blood test to make sure of your blood sugar levels. The test also checks for your danger of getting diabetes in the future.
If you make out you want to get pregnant again, and have a blood sugar test up to three months prior to becoming pregnant to be confident that your blood sugar level is normal.
Children whose mothers have had gestational diabetes are at superior risk for plumpness, abnormal glucose tolerance, and diabetes.
Women who have had gestational diabetes and children whose mothers have had gestational diabetes are at higher lifetime risk for fatness and type 2 diabetes. It may be probable to prevent type 2 diabetes through everyday life changes. Talk to your health care source about diabetes and amplified risk from gestational diabetes.