Type 2 Diabetes is also known as non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or adult-commencement diabetes. It occurs when the body produces sufficient insulin but cannot consume it efficiently. This type of diabetes typically develops in middle age. A universal observation says that about 90-95 % of people suffering with diabetes are type 2; about 80 % are obese. It is more general among people who are older; obese; have gestational diabetes and also have family history of diabetes. There are number of risk factors found to be in charge for type 2 diabetes like, the more the Etiology and Risk factors carried by a personality, the upper the risk for developing diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes: It has strong hereditary links, meaning that type 2 diabetes tends to run in families. Numerous genes have been acknowledged and more are under study which may relate to the causes of type 2 diabetes.
1. Age: Increased age is a reason which gives more prospect than in younger age. This disease may transpire at any age, but 80% of cases transpire after 50 year, incidences enhance with the age factor.
2. Obesity and Fat Distribution: Being obese means increased insulin resistance, which is if body fat is more than 30%, BMI 25+, waist girth 35 inches in women or 40 inches in men.
3. Hereditary or Inherited Traits: It is strongly assumed that due to some genes which passes from one generation to another, a person can inherit diabetes. It depends upon proximity of blood relationship as mother is diabetic, the risk is up to 2 to 3%, father is diabetic, the risk is more than the prior case and if both the parents are diabetic, the child has much superior risk for diabetes.
4. Stress: Either physical wound or emotional commotion is repeatedly blamed as the initial root of the disease. Any commotion in Cortiosteroid or ACTH treatment may lead to clinical signs of the disease.
5. Hypertension: It has been reported in many studies that there is direct link with the family members between high systolic pressure and diabetes.
6. Gender: Diabetes is usually seen in elderly particularly in men but, strongly seen in women and in those females with multiple pregnancy or suffering from (PCOS).
7. Poor Diet (undernourishment): Inappropriate nutrition, low protein and fiber eating, high intake of refined food are the predictable reasons for developing diabetes.
8. Serum lipids and lipoproteins: High triglyceride and cholesterol level in the blood is connected to high blood sugars, in some cases it has been studied that risk is implicated even with low HDL levels in circulating blood.
9. Sedentary Lifestyle: People with inactive lifestyle are more prone to diabetes when compared to those who work out thrice a week.
10. Infection: Some of the strephylococci is assumed to be dependable factor for infection in pancreas.
11. Drug Induced: Quatrain (Seroquel) risperidone (Risperdal) and ziprasidone (Geodon) etc. are known to provoke this fatal disease.